Where a Medieval Bishop, String Theory, and Quantum Computers Agree: Parallel Universes

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What do Robert Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln (1170-1253), the ‘M’ String Theory, and the current state of quantum supercomputing have in common? They all indicate that we exist in a universe of multiple dimensions. 

As we try to draw up fool-proof theories to explain everything, we are met with much trial and error. Yet, when theories hit close to the mark, we often find that existing theories and methodologies are congruent to the new concepts we develop.

A 12th century Bishop, String Theory, and Quantum computing all point towards parallel universes.Click To Tweet

Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln, a Single Point of Light

19th century portrait of Robert Grosseteste in stained glass | Wikipedia.org

Grosseteste’s “De Luce” (concerning light) is a pre-Newton attempt to explain the universe with a set of physical laws.

Grosseteste suggests that the universe begins from a single point of light (Big Bang, anyone?) where matter and form are combined. This point expands until matter can go no further which constitutes the first sphere. Then, another type of light shines inward, compressing matter until it cannot any further and thus the second sphere is created. This continues as Grosseteste relies on a series of surprisingly precise equations.

A 2014 paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society A recreated Grosseteste’s equations with computer models. Despite the team’s researchers suggesting that Grosseteste was not aware of this at the time, his equations point towards a series of ordered universes akin to the modern “multiverse.”

The same team’s researchers also used Grosseteste’s three-dimensional concept of color to describe a new “meshed spiral” coordinate system for color-space science that is used today.

The Mother of all String Theory

String Theory ties together Einstein’s general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics, allowing us to break down the universe into atoms, and then further into electrons and further into quarks, all of which are governed by vibrating strings whose interactions make up the function of the universe.

As City College of New York physicist Michio Kaku explains in the video below, that hypothetically speaking, String Theory best operates when 11 parallel universes are assumed.

Why?

Because as we try to balance observable forces in the universe such as electromagnetism and the nuclear force, one dimension is not sufficient to contain them. As these forces begin to stack, one, two, or even five dimensions is not enough to balance these forces.

Yet, as you reach 11 theoretical parallel universes, all of the observed forces in our universe are balanced.

Why not 12 universes?

Again, as Kaku explains, 12 universes goes too far.

It indicates two time parameters rather than one, where the time between the first 11 universes and the subsequent 12th is perpendicular – a fact that is currently impossible with our current understanding.

Quantum Computing is Weird Science, and it’s About to get Weirder

How does Quantum Computing play into all of this?

The fact that quantum computers code information in quantum bits, or qubits, helps answer that question.

These qubits can exist in multiple states at once, which takes advantage of certain phenomena as quantum entanglement and superposition.

First introduced by Hugh Everett in 1957, the Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum physics suggests that quantum superpositions extend across parallel universes.

Or, as venture capitalist Steve Jurvetson explains in the short video below, a 1000 qubit supercomputer takes advantage of computational resources within parallel dimensions, and is devilishly close to being able to readily compute faster than the universe.

In a recent issue of Physical Review Lettersresearchers including Hoi-Kwan Lau explain how a new quantum machine learning algorithm can handle infinite dimensions. Quantum machine learning is a new subfield of quantum information that combines machine learning’s ability to learn and adapt with the speed and capability of quantum mechanics.

Most quantum machine learning algorithms only work with a discrete (limited) number of variables. This new algorithm, however, can handle continuous-variable problems- theoretically opening the door to handling information from an infinite number of universes.

Parallel Universes and Synchronicity

Evidence of the Multiverse Theory stems back almost a thousand years with the Bishop of Lincoln, continued with Einstein and is now being taken to new heights (and dimensions) by modern scientists.

Although with different tools and sets of information, scientists throughout our history have often found a thematic congruence in each other’s work – albeit by very different means.

Do you think we live in a universe or a multiverse?

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